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| VOLUME 31, NUMBER 31 | WEDNESDAY, MAY 9, 2001 | ISSN 1199-5246 |



Astronomically speaking: A question of time
By Paul Delaney
Click here for May Starchart

When last we met, you may recall I left you with some homework in the form of a parting question! I defined a sidereal year as 365.2564 days. A tropical year is defined as the time between successive Summer Solstices (or successive Vernal Equinoxes etc.) and is measured as 365.2422 days. Obviously there is a difference between these two "years", why? More importantly, which year is our calendar more interested in?

As it is the Sun which governs the daily/yearly cycles on our planet, not the stars (astrologers would of course take issue with this statement!), it is the tropical year which is the most important yearly cycle for humans to use. It was decided long ago that the first day of spring would occur on March 21 and that each year, on or about the same day, spring would always commence (in the northern hemisphere at least). From the previous paragraph though, it is apparent that if your calendar only had 365 or 366 days in it (who wants to worry about a quarter day?), the first day of spring would quickly move away from March 21. After all, the Sun and the stars would come back to the same location in our skies every 365 and one quarter days (more or less) so the calendar had to sort out this rogue one quarter day. The leap year was thus created some 2,000 years ago to keep the seasons falling on the same day each year.

Of course, the story does not end here, not at all. The tropical year is 365.2422 days and the calendar with the leap year every four years meant that the tropical year was being used as 365.25 days. This difference is only 11 minutes, not enough to worry about, eh? However, 11 minutes per year add up and every four centuries the first day of spring for example would be out by three days. By the 16th century in fact, spring was occurring around March 11! Pope Gregory ordered this problem solved. Thus when people went to bed on the night of Oct. 4, 1582, they awoke on Oct. 15, 1582. This returned the first day of spring to March 21. To keep it that way, a modification to the four-year leap day rule was created. For the century year, it has to be divisible by 400 in order for February to gain the extra day. Thus the year 2000 was a leap year but 2100, 2200, 2300 will not be leap years.

If you are still with me (time can be confusing...and always in short supply it seems!), you may have noticed that I have not clarified why the tropical year and the sidereal year are different. At first thought, it would seem they should be the same lengths. The sidereal year is the time taken for the Sun to return to exactly the same position with respect to the stars on the celestial sphere (from our perspective). The tropical year is the time between successive passages of the Sun across the celestial equator, a point on the celestial sphere. The difference arises from a phenomenon known as precession.

The Earth acts very much like a spinning top. Its axis of rotation is inclined by 23.5 degrees with respect to the plane of its orbit around the Sun (the obliquity of our planet). As a result of this inclination, the gravitational forces from the Sun and the Moon "tug" on our planet, attempting to "straighten" the inclination of the axis. However, they cannot alter the obliquity angle but they can alter the direction in space that the axis is pointing. Thus our axis processes just as a spinning top processes (if you have not played with a spinning top, head straight for your nearest science gadget store and buy one...they are lots of fun!). The period of this precession is 26,000 years.

With respect to the earlier question of why the sidereal and tropical years are different, the answer is now at hand. As the Earth's axis changes its direction in space during the course of a year, the position of the celestial equator moves on the celestial sphere. Thus the Sun is able to reach the vernal equinox (the intersection point of the celestial equator and the Sun's path across the celestial sphere as it is travelling from south to north) slightly in advance of when it reaches the same position on the celestial sphere from a year earlier. The tropical year is about 20 minutes shorter than the sidereal year.

A reminder that the York Observatory is now on summer viewing hours. Every Wednesday evening from 9pm until 11pm, join the staff of the observatory and check out the wonders of the night sky. Double stars, galaxies, the Moon and much more are on tap every Wednesday evening. For more information phone 416-736-2100 ext. 77773 or send an e-mail along to pdelaney@yorku.ca.

Paul Delaney is senior lecturer in York University's Department of Physics and Astronomy and master of Bethune College.

Special thanks to York alumnus in astronomy and physics Mel Blake for the May Star Chart

   

York centre taps into volunteer jobs all over Toronto
Robi Okara,   Rebecca Davis
By Martha Tancock

Centre volunteers Robi Okara left, and Rebecca Davis

Between September and April, about 50 students a month wander into the Volunteer Centre on the fourth floor of the Student Centre at York University. There, any one of about 20 students - volunteers themselves - help a predominantly female and student clientele find volunteer placements. Most are looking for career-related and recreational positions.

"We do get a lot of requests from students who plan to go into teaching and need classroom experience," said Tukiso Muzondo, who is paid to coordinate the centre with fellow student Michelle Dagnino. Many psychology students are also seeking resumé-enhancing experience in social work, counselling and mental health sectors. For those seeking work abroad, the centre is cross-linked to York International.

Volunteers at the centre - 17 women and three men - field questions and demonstrate how to search for positions in the database of the Volunteer Centre of Toronto, to which the York centre belongs. But unlike other branches, York has a closed clientele - the York University community.

York's Federation of Students cover 25 per cent of the salaries of the centre's coordinators and office expenses. Seventy-five per cent of the coordinators' salaries comes from the Ontario Work/ Study Program.

Looking for volunteer work? Check out these Web sites:

York Volunteer Centre www.yorku.ca/vcyu/

Toronto-area organizations www.e-volunteering.org

Volunteer Centre of Toronto www.volunteertoronto.on.ca

   

Board of Governors meeting Synopsis & Election

Synopsis of the 368th Meeting

At its 368th meeting held on Monday, April 16, 2001, at the Glendon Campus, the Board of Governors of York University:

  • Noted the report from the Chair, Marshall Cohen, that the Executive Committee had approved the appointment of Professor Robert Drummond as dean of the Faculty of Arts, effective July 1, 2001;

  • Received updates from the president on: a number of pending changes in deanships effective July 1; the names of candidates approved for Honorary Degrees, University Professorships and Distinguished Research Professorships to be awarded at Spring Convocation; the recent decision of Atkinson Faculty Council to decline an affiliation with the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College; the agreement under which Seneca College will become the lead tenant in the new TEL Building; and recent developments in both government relations and labour relations;

  • Received an update from Deborah Hobson, vice-president Enrolment and Student Services, on undergraduate admission applications for the 2001-2002 academic year;

  • Received an update from Harriet Lewis, university secretary and general counsel, on recent legal matters;

  • Heard a presentation from Principal Kenneth McRoberts on Glendon College's mission, academic goals, achievements, challenges and strategic plans for the future;

  • Approved the naming of the Centre for Fine Arts the "Joan and Martin Goldfarb Centre for Fine Arts" in recognition of a major gift from Mr. and Mrs. Goldfarb;

  • Approved a "Policy and Procedures on Conflict of Interest for Members of the Board of Governors";

  • Approved the president's recommendations on academic appointments, tenure and promotions;

  • Approved a balanced operating budget for the 2001-2002 fiscal year and a cumulative balanced budget by the year 2004-2005;

  • Approved rent increases for student housing for 2001-2002 and 2002-2003;

  • Approved an increase in the construction budget for the new Schulich School of Business Building;

  • Noted that the Executive Committee, acting on behalf of the board, had appointed Lynne MacInnes to a three-year term as one of the president's nominees on the York University Pension Fund Board of Trustees, effective April 9, 2001;

  • Received an information report from the board's University Advancement Committee.

     

    Harriet Lewis, Secretary


    Call for Nominations - Non-Academic Employees

    Board of Governors Election 2001

    Notice is hereby given that an election will be held to nominate a full-time non-academic employee to a position on the board of governors. The term of office is two years, beginning on July 1, 2001. The election will be conducted by mailed ballot, distributed to all full-time non-academic employees at their University workplace addresses.

    Nominations are invited of full-time non-academic employees who are Canadian citizens and who have a record of at least five years of service at the University. Nominations are now open and will close at noon on Friday, May 18, 2001, by which time all nominations must be received at the University Secretariat office, S883 Ross Building, Keele Campus.

    Nominations must be supported by the signatures of 10 nominators who are also full-time non-academic employees. Non-academic employees of York University are those who are appointed to full-time positions within the CPM, YUSA (Unit 1), CUPE (Local 1356 and 1356-1) and IUOE employee groups. In accordance with the board's by-laws, candidates will be required to submit evidence of Canadian citizenship. (Note: Employees who are members of a certified bargaining unit or employee association may not serve as an officer or other official of their bargaining agent or employee association during their term on the board of governors.) All members of the board of governors are required to sign a conflict of interest and confidentiality undertaking and to abide by the board's Policy on Conflict of Interest.)

    The board of governors consists of 30 members plus the president and the chancellor. The membership includes two faculty members nominated by the senate; two student members nominated by students; two alumni members nominated by the alumni; and two non-academic employee members. The remaining board members are appointed from the external community representing a broad range of backgrounds and expertise. The board conducts its work through the following standing committees: Executive; Academic Resources; Audit; Finance, Property and Staff Resources; Investment; Student Relations; and University Advancement. The board holds four regular meetings a year on Mondays from 4-6pm.

    To obtain a nomination form or further information about the board, the election process or eligibility, please contact the University Secretariat at 416-736-5012. Details also appear at www.yorku.ca/secretariat.

     

    Harriet Lewis, University Secretary

       
  • York's outstanding volunteers: Why they do it
    By Martha Tancock

    All in the Smith family

    Sport is the Smith family's central motivating principal. Among the five Smiths, Donna and Dave and their three children, Ryan, Andrea and Mark, have participated as athletes and behind the scenes as coaches, fundraisers and organizers. Sports and volunteering are bred in the Smith bones.

    Ever since her daughter started skating lessons at age seven, Donna Smith has glided on a parallel course behind the scenes. As president of the Aurora Skating Club for years, she handled a budget of $100,000, negotiated contracts, booked ice time, planned programs, looked after a coaching staff of 14 and dealt with complaints from a potential 600 parents. Running the club was a year-round job, "like being a director of a department at York." She was an ex-officio member of every committee and spent 25 to 30 hours a week at the club. But that's all over, now that her daughter's about to give up skating for track and field, her father's sport.

    The Smiths

    Still, York's manager of Human Resource Planning continues as Central Ontario representative for Skate Canada. She organizes four competitions a year, chairs meetings with 14 skating clubs twice a year, fields phone calls and gives advice.

    She also represents Aurora Minor Hockey Association in the Triple A league - because her youngest son Mark plays hockey. She and Dave consider it part of parenting to attend his games and practices (20 hours a week). "It's fun. We meet great people. And we enjoy being with the kids."

    "It's a committed life...and some say I should be committed."

    Before they had their three children, Dave Smith's second life was as head coach of York's varsity track and field and cross-country teams. For 15 years, the former track and field champion spent 20 to 30 hours a week training student athletes. For 20 years, York's first Yeoman of the Year was on the board of directors of the Ontario Track and Field Association. During this time he also organized high school, university and corporate track and field, including the Toronto Star Indoor Meet, administered the Ontario Athletes Assistance Program and was national track team manager for Athletics Canada.

    Dave is York's director of management information in the Office of Institutional Research and Analysis. When the children became involved in sports, he turned his attention to their activities and teams. Now, he handles Web site publicity and registration for the Aurora Minor Hockey Association and lends a hand whenever anybody needs it.

    "The only way that amateur sport survives in this country is by parents doing it," says Dave. It's the grassroots volunteers, the parents at the kitchen table, who make it happen. "It's for the kids, ultimately."

    The Smith children pull their weight, too. Ryan Smith, a second-year computer studies student, was a basketball coach in Aurora for four years before enrolling at York and is involved on the residence committee and college council at Calumet. He has also joined his father as a volunteer at the annual Magna Hoedown auction to raise money for Aurora charities. His brother Mark referees a hockey house league in Aurora. And sister Andrea helps out at fundraising events.

    "My parents have set a very good example for us to work from," says Ryan, who is also involved in Mark's hockey team.

    "I'm always willing to help out," Ryan says, echoing his father credo.

    David Logan's march for dimes

    Because of Maxine Singer, a renowned American biochemist who is now president of the Carnegie Institute, David Logan stepped out of his grey-flannelled, Rosedale upbringing into the world of social activism. Since that day in the early 1960s when she yanked him out of the Washington, DC lab, where they were both researchers, into the street to join a civil rights demonstration, he hasn't stopped trying to make a better world. "She opened up a whole new world for me."

    David Logan

    At 64, the associate dean of the Faculty of Pure and Applied Science has decided to step down from the board of the Humber Regional (formerly York/Finch) Hospital after 25 years. He is the longest serving president and currently treasurer of the Ontario March of Dimes as well as a member of the national board. He also donates his precious after-work hours as president of a non-profit housing corporation and a member of the board of directors of the Poliomyelitis Foundation and Easter Seals. In the distant past, he has helped community organizations in his Downsview-area neighbourhood erect information booths and build parks.

    Logan is proudest of his work with the March of Dimes, which helps people with physical disabilities. He convinced the charity to set up a foundation to support research aimed at alleviating physical disability, then helped raise more than $1 million for spinal cord regeneration. Through his efforts, March of Dimes assists people with disabilities at York. He is inspired by "enormously motivated" people like Nan Davis, a paraplegic who is walking with the aid of a computer that can mimic the motion of legs. "When I meet people like that, the things you can do - raising $20 here, organizing a banquet there - are tiny by comparison."

    In June, Logan's term as associate dean ends. His wife and family have been urging him for years to slow down, and he has agreed. He spends up to eight hours a week - almost a full working day - on March of Dimes work. "Now I'm getting tired." So what's he up to next year? Fundraising for the University, for science research.

    There for children and neighbours

    In three years, Rosenda BrownRosenda Brown plans to run for school trustee on the Vaughan Board of Education. The children of Vaughan couldn't find a more committed champion. "For me, children are prime. Whatever issues there are around children, I'm there."

    The single mother has been there for her own three children and dozens of others. Eight years ago, when her two boys were seven and nine and struggling with math and English, she enrolled them in Saturday morning classes offered by the African Heritage Educators Network Project 90. She pitched in, tutoring immigrant children from Jamaica, where she comes from, and other West Indian countries. She still helps administer programs. She has also taught children practical life skills at the Boys and Girls Club of Canada in Vaughan and helped young members of the Applause Institution (for Youth of Colour) plan their annual ball.

    Rosenda's there, too, for her neighbours in the Eamon Park Housing Cooperative where she has lived for the past 16 years. At least a dozen children call her Mom and confide in her. Adults often ask her for advice about dealing with bureaucracies. They trust her. "They know whatever they ask me to do, I'll do it." She has served on every committee at the co-op and been president for the past five years, representing the co-op at national conferences of the Canadian Housing Federation.

    In August, when her one-year contract as secretary for the Chair of Humanities ends at York, she'll be able to present prospective employers with her new sociology degree. Twenty-eight years of working for banks that passed her over for promotions cemented her resolve to improve her credentials. Now, at 49, she's ready for politics, hooked forever after campaigning for Mario Racco in the 1993 federal election. "I like issues and there's got to be somebody to present them. I'm not afraid to speak out."

    A sound job

    If there is a theme to Karen Cassel's volunteer work, it is her voice.

    Karen Cassel

    Cassel sings alto in the Pax Christi Chorale. As choir treasurer for 14 years, she devotes time daily to the financial aspects of putting on three concerts a year. That means paying orchestras, guest soloists and conductors, renting practice and performance space, buying sheet music for each $40,000 concert. Cassel helps raise funds and acts as the box office, taking orders for up to 400 tickets from her home phone. Handling the budget is something she's used to doing in her job as manager of Scott Library's serials and electronic acquisitions section. But doing the choir's income tax required "skills I did have to learn."

    Once a week for the past 12 years, she also reads university math and computer texts onto reel-to-reel tape at Fairview Library for blind students. She had to audition for the job. "You have to be able to read it in such a way that it's understandable." And your voice has to be modulated, she says. With a math degree, she could easily translate math texts and now the technical computer science and programming books. "I get a certain satisfaction knowing I'm helping someone who needs assistance."

    Children and celebrities a buzz

    Donna Best

    York telecommunications manager Donna Best has had T-shirts and hats autographed by singers Burton Cummings and Larry Gowan, Olympic cyclist Curt Harnett, skating champion Elvis Stoyko, Great Lakes swimmer Vicki Keith, jockey Sandy Hawley and skater Barbara Underhill, among others. Meeting celebrities is one of the perks she enjoys from helping at charity golf tournaments, games and telethons for children with disabilities. But the real perks, especially at the games, are the children themselves. "The smiles on their faces make it all worthwhile."

    Still, hobnobbing with royalty can be a powerful motivation for helping out. Once, she got close enough to Mark Phillips, Princess Anne's ex, to ask "What's Fergie really like?" She has also rubbed shoulders with bigwigs such as Lieutenant-Governor Hilary Weston and Toronto Mayor Mel Lastman and at fundraisers for Variety Village, Community Association for Riding for the Disabled (CARD), the Ontario Games for the Disabled, Ontario March of Dimes, Team Canada, Children's Wish Foundation, the Toronto Maple Leafs, NHL and lots more.

    For the past 10 years, Best has been helping out at these weekend events, roping in friends and acquaintances. She started volunteering with CARD, whose executive director is her cousin, and then branched out. She gets more heavily involved in the annual Curtis Joseph Golf Tournament in Newmarket and for CARD events, taking care of registration, organizing the banquet, buying and wrapping prizes, selling tickets and helping raise tens of thousands of dollars for disabled children.

    As members of the charity Knights of Columbus, Best's parents served as role models. She believes so strongly in the benefits of volunteer work that she makes it her mission to press others into service. "I think it's so important. It's a real high."

    Working with youth

    Karen Hemminger

    Through volunteer work, third-year psychology student Karen Hemminger is getting a taste of what life will be like as a youth worker. She's organized pizza and movie nights at Inner City, a drop-in centre for youth in Toronto. And, pending a police check, she's about to start supervising one night a week at Youth Without Shelter in Etobicoke.

    Hemminger started volunteering after she broke her ankle and couldn't waitress for a while. She officially greeted and helped direct patients and their families as they entered the emergency department at Queensway Hospital. Now that she's at York, aiming for a masters in social work, she has found other ways to volunteer. She distributes questionnaires to high-school students as a research assistant for professors studying teen relationships. She shares her notes with persons with disabilities and helps during orientation week, answering questions about university life from prospective students.

    "Once I started doing it [volunteering], I got so much out of it. I became more confident. I felt good about myself," said Hemminger, citing the old adage that there's no such thing as altruism. "I go through withdrawal when I'm not doing it."

    A helping nature

    Anthony Ruocco, David Ruscio

    Every Sunday for the past five years, Anthony Ruocco, right (seen here with friend David Ruscio), has been accompanying the choir on his violin at his parish church in Woodbridge. As co-founder of the parish music ministry, he also helps select the hymns for the week and practises with the choir on Monday evenings.

    That's not all the 21-year-old, second-year psychology student volunteers to do. Carrying a full course load, he still finds time to maintain the Web site for the Undergraduate Psychology Students Association every week. And his "helping nature" extends to a wheelchair-bound friend with muscular dystrophy. All through high school, Ruocco helped him navigate corridors to classes and get his books ready. He continues to help his friend - also in second year - get around York when he can.

    Volunteering is important, says the scholarship-winning, "A" student. "It's really what life is all about - getting to know other people and learning about yourself as well."

       

    The Journal
    By Michael Todd

    AMERICAN INDIAN NICKNAMES AND MASCOTS are "offensive" and colleges should stop using them, the US Commission on Civil Rights said in a recent statement. The federal agency said the use of such symbols by non-tribal colleges and schools creates a racially hostile educational environment. chronicle.com/daily/2001/04/200104 1601n.htm.

     

    U.S. EMPLOYERS PLAN TO HIRE 18.8 per cent more new college graduates this year than they did last year, according to a survey by the National Association of Colleges and Employers. Despite the overall increase, almost half of the companies that responded to this year's survey said they had lowered their hiring projections since last August. chronicle.com/daily/2001/04/2001041603n.htm.

     

    IN THE WAKE OF U.S. ELECTION DAY 2000, computer scientists and political scientists at Caltech and MIT together hope to repair the touchy technology of voting. chronicle.com/free/v47/i32/32a05101.htm.

     

    THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION adopted a $13.3-billion "eLearning Action Plan" last month that is expected to promote the development of online education by European universities. chronicle.com/free/2001/04/2001041601u.htm.

     

    A SPECIAL REPORT: THE ECONOMIC DOWNTURN - After an economic feast that lasted for years, US colleges are preparing for what looks more like a famine. chronicle.com/free/v47/i32/32a01001.htm.

     

    ALMOST 400 LEADING SCHOLARS OF CHINA from 14 countries have signed an open letter to Chinese President Jiang Zemin, protesting that country's continued detention of three of their colleagues. (The full text of the letter, including the names of the signatories, is available on The Chronicle Web site.) chronicle.com/daily/2001/04/2001041803n.htm.

     

    ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY'S Institute for Human Origins has put together a Web site meant to teach a wide audience about the evolution of mankind and about how researchers study the topic today. chronicle.com/free/2001/04/2001041801t.htm.

    PONDERING REUNIFICATION: Universities in South Korea contemplate a future of closer ties with the nation's communist neighbour to the north. chronicle.com/weekly/v47/i32/32a06001.htm.

     

    A GLANCE AT THE SPRING ISSUE OF THE VIRGINIA QUARTERLY REVIEW: Disagreement on whether race still matters. Despite a recent outpouring of books on race, a basic disagreement lingers among American intellectuals about whether race still matters, writes Robert J. Norrell, a professor of history at the University of Tennessee at Knoxville. Some commentators, like Dinesh D'Souza, argue that race would not matter so much if members of minority groups adapted more readily to the cultural norms imposed by European Americans. Others, like Cornel West and Henry Louis Gates Jr., declare that "it is still all about colour", says Mr. Norrell. He is perplexed about why the "race doesn't matter" argument seems to be winning in the marketplace of public opinion. Describing the views of Stephan and Abigail Thernstrom, authors of America in Black and White: One Nation Indivisible, Simon & Schuster, 1997, he writes: "In their view, the assimilation of blacks into American life, though incomplete, has been clear enough in its positive trajectory to rely on the normal processes of democracy and capitalism to overcome past injustices." But J. Morgan Kousser, author of Colorblind Injustice: Minority Voting Rights and the Undoing of the Second Reconstruction, University of North Carolina Press, 1999, is adamant that race does still matter. Mr. Norrell praises Mr. Kousser for recognizing the conflict that arises when people make broader equality the enemy of individual liberty. "The race-doesn't-matter intellectuals privilege liberty over equality," he says. The article is not online, but information about the journal may be found at http://www.virginia.edu/vqr/.

     

    THE LATEST WAVE OF DISTANCE-EDUCATION EFFORTS is doomed to fail unless colleges and universities drastically restructure themselves to take better advantage of information technology, says Farhad Saba, a professor of educational technology at San Diego State University. chronicle.com/free/2001/04/2001041001u.htm.

       

    Status Report on Parking (2001-2002)

    April 20, 2001

    Introduction

    We wish to inform members of the York community about approved parking rates for 2001-2002 and the anticipated impact that double cohort planning and Superbuild-related construction will have on parking at York in the coming year. We will address parking supply and demand issues; new parking structure plans and construction; strategies to encourage increased public transit use; and temporary solutions.

    Approved Parking Rates for 2001-2002

    The University Board of Governors approved year 4 of our current four-year parking rates plan on April 11, 2000. The rates that will take effect on May 1, 2001, are shown in the shaded section of the chart below.

    York Parking

    Addressing the Continuing Growth in Parking Demand

    Last year, the number of vehicles using York's 33 Keele campus parking lots with their 10,973 parking stalls increased by 9 per cent over 1999 to 36,000 vehicles/day. In planning for the impact of the double cohort in 2003, we are anticipating an increase in students, faculty and staff that translates into a need for another 1,500 parking stalls. We must also replace the 1,025 stalls that are going to be lost to construction of the new Schulich and TEL buildings on the current sites of 1B and HH parking lots. Accordingly, the board has approved construction of a total of 2,400 new stalls, in addition to 800 previously approved for Parking Structure 2 in DD lot, to address increased demand and to replace the 1,300 existing surface stalls which are being lost.

    Parking Structure 2

    York's second parking structure, with approximately 800 stalls, will be opening in summer 2002 and will be equipped with state of the art safety, security and access control systems. It will also provide a convenient new central location for the offices of Occupational Health and Safety, Security Services, and Parking and Transportation Services and will house a new Computer Common and food service area. It is anticipated that 75 per cent of the parking will be reserved for parking permit holders and the remaining 25 per cent will be available for short-term daily parking.

    Additional Parking Structure Planning

    We are pleased to announce that the board has approved the construction of a third 1,200-stall parking structure (PS3) to be built south of the new Schulich building and east of the Seneca@York building at the northeast corner of Pond Road and Ian Macdonald Blvd. The new garage should be ready by summer 2003.

    Approval in principle has also been given for two additional parking structures (PS4 and PS5) with a combined net addition of 1,200 parking stalls to be opened in 2004 and 2005.

    New 4-year Parking Rate Plan

    A new 4-year parking rate plan will be developed to take into account the costs of the projects described above and will be discussed with the Presidential Advisory Committee on Parking later this year. The current 4-year parking rate plan comes to an end April 30, 2002.

    Transportation Options

    In view of the continuing high cost of providing parking at York, the department has placed a major new focus on improving public transit services to the University. We have been working with Go Transit and Vaughan to increase the number of express bus routes coming onto campus, and with the TTC to improve the frequency and volume of service. In fact, this year the number of buses coming onto campus has increased to 680 per day from 550 the previous year.

    York is also a founding member of Ontario's first transportation management association (TMA). The Black Creek Regional TMA includes representatives from all levels of government, chambers of commerce, private and public sector organizations and includes York, Bombardier and Knoll Manufacturing. The TMA is a grass roots organization that came together this past year to generate new ideas and promote environment-friendly initiatives such as car pools, ride matching services, van pools, guaranteed ride home for car pool participants etc. The TMA will also lobby for improved transit service.

    York will also be lobbying very hard this year for the extension of the Spadina subway line to the Keele campus and beyond.

    Temporary Solutions

    Until the approved new parking structures can be built, the following temporary measures are going to be put in place:

  • Two temporary lots (LL and Thompson Road) will remain in place.

  • A new temporary lot south of 8B lot will be built this summer to provide an additional 1,000+ stalls with enhanced lighting and safety features in the southwest quadrant of the campus.

  • An additional 300 stalls will be added south of 3B lot to help offset the loss of unreserved parking in 1B lot.

  • A 100-stall addition will be added to the parking area northwest of the Kinsmen Building, to better meet the needs of Atkinson School of Social Work students.

    The campus map below illustrates the planned changes.

    In addition, we will be modifying the permit requirements for some of our existing lots as follows:

  • 1A lot will be converted to outer reserved only, to replace the outer reserved section in 1B and the reserved stalls in DD and HH lot that will be lost to construction.

  • A new short-term pay daily operation will be added to the northern area of 8A lot. The 250 stalls will replace the lost daily parking spaces in DD and HH lots.

    Conclusion

    While we have outlined the measures the University is taking to minimize dislocation arising from all of the above changes, the coming year will undoubtedly see an increase in traffic congestion on campus roadways and competition for scarce parking spaces near the campus core. If you are not yet car pooling or using public transit to reach York, this may well be the perfect time to start!

    Please be assured that the department will continue to rely on the advice of the Presidential Advisory Committee on Parking (PACOP) and on your comments and suggestions as we strive to meet the parking and transportation challenges of the next few years. Your patience and assistance is very much appreciated.

    If you would like further information, please feel free to contact Parking Services at 416-736-2100, ext. 44680.

    Pam MacDonald
    Executive Director, Safety, Security and Parking Services

    Tom Arnold
    Director, Parking and Transportation Services

    KEY DATES TO NOTE:

  • DD lot, 320 spaces, closed in March 2001

  • HH lot, 279 spaces, closing in July 2001

  • 1B lot, 732 spaces, closing in July 2001

  • Seneca Temporary lot, 165 spaces, closing in August 2001.

    In addition, York Blvd., the main campus entrance road, will be closed for construction from June 20th until the end of August.

  • parking rates

       
  • Colloquium looks at post-Communist Russia's relations with West
    By Sergei Plekhanov
    colloquium

    In April a post-Communist colloquium was held at York's Centre for International and Security Studies on the theme "Russia and the West: A New Stage in Relations". The discussion focussed on recent changes in the political situation in Russia - the disappointment with Western-inspired political liberalism of the 1990s and the attempts to create a stable authoritarian market system.

    Panellists examined the growing rift between Russia and the US, both of which now have presidents of a conservative and nationalist bent, and the likely consequences of this rift for world politics and for Canada in particular. The speakers shared a concern that US-Russian tensions may have a serious negative impact on international peace and security.

    From left: Piotr Dutkiewicz, deputy director of the Centre for European and Russian Area Studies, Carleton University; Peter Hancock, former Canadian ambassador to Poland; Vyacheslav Nikonov, president of "Fond Politika" in Moscow, and former Russian MP; Sergei Plekhanov, York Department of Political Science, coordinator of the Post-Communist Studies Program; Tom Angelakis, University of Bradford, UK; and Gilles Breton, deputy director, Russia Desk, Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Ottawa.

       

    Calumet College seeks Academic Advisor

    Applications are invited for the position of Academic Advisor of Calumet College. Candidates should have an interest in, and knowledge of, undergraduate education and the development of the College mandate - Technology and the Arts. Advising students is the core of the work. Additionally, the position includes some organizing of co-curricular support for the Foundation courses, and the administration of the first-year Schulich School BBA (multi-section) course in Calumet.

    The appointment is normally for a three-year term, renewable annually, beginning July 1, 2001. Please address applications and/or questions to the Chair of the Search Committee for Academic Advisor, Professor Mary Louise Craven, c/o 235 Calumet College, 416-736-5098.

    The deadline for applications is May 15th, 2001.

       

    New Complex One Cafeteria opens
    YUM!

    The new Complex One Cafeteria opened on Friday, April 20, 2001. Approximately 100 people were on hand to sample the menu and celebrate the new facility. Pictured from the left are: Chef Gerhard Schneider, York President Lorna R. Marsden and CEO of the Complex One Cafeteria Trevor Wynne-Jones.

      


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